Chongqing, a Chinese megacity of more than 32 million people, has pioneered a local version of the country’s expanded counter-espionage law, requiring institutions to go through security screening when organising overseas trips.
The regulations, containing 29 articles, cover more defined and targeted counter-espionage measures than the broader national law, including setting stern oversight on overseas-related exchanges and travel.
The regulations also require institutions and personnel stationed abroad to develop security plans.
China expanded its counter-espionage law in July, with wide-ranging updates including banning the transfer of any information related to national security and broadening the definition of spying.
Chongqing also reviewed and approved its anti-spy regulations in July.
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